Chile is renowned for its inspiring and romantic landscapes that vary so dramatically from Patagonia to the Atacama Desert. It is this lovely desert of lakes, volcanoes, forests and deserts that lures the general public who tour to Chile on vacation. But off the well travelled excursion routes of Torres del Paine and San Pedro de Atacama, Chile is full of scarcely visited natural wonders and captivating archaeological websites. A right instance is that of the Chinchorro mummies of the Atacama, the oldest mummies in the world, predating their Egyptian counter 名護 ランチ components with the aid of 2000 years!
The Chinchorro have been a coastal residing humans of northern Chile and southern Peru, who began mummifying their useless at least 7000 years ago. The mummification strategies used by the Chinchorro changed over the millennia, becoming less complicated with time. The oldest mummies observed, courting from 5000BC to 3000BC, have been made with a technique called the black approach.
The black technique concerned dismembering the deceased – the top, arms and legs were severed from the torso, then the skin changed into eliminated. The body changed into then dried, before the flesh and tissue were stripped from the bone, along with the elimination of the mind. The frame would then be reassembled – the bones have been strengthened with splints, the frame was full of materials including clay and feathers, then the limbs and head could be reattached to the torso. The whole body become then blanketed in an ash paste which turned into extensively utilized to patch up joins and damaged areas of the pores and skin. In the last degree of this complex procedure a final layer of manganese turned into painted over the ash paste, giving the mother the black colour function of the process.
The main authority on Chinchorro mummies, Bernardo Arriaza, says approximately 282 Chinchorro mummies were determined to this point. An exciting fact approximately the Chinchorro is that not handiest are they the oldest mummies ever discovered, however that they did not reserve this rite for exceptional leaders and kings. It seems that they mummified all their useless.